4 Important Classification of Entrepreneurs

Classification of Entrepreneurs according to the type of Business

According to the type of business, entrepreneurs shall be classified as Business Entrepreneurs, Trading Entrepreneurs, Industrial Entrepreneurs, Corporate Entrepreneurs, Agricultural Entrepreneurs, Retail Entrepreneurs, Service Entrepreneurs and Social Entrepreneurs.

Types of Entrepreneurs

Types of Entrepreneurs

1. Business Entrepreneurs

Business entrepreneurs we those who conceive an idea to for a new product or service and then create a business to convert their ideas into reality. These entrepreneurs may be found in small business units or big enterprises. They concentrate both on production and marketing activities. Example: A Printing Press, bakery or a textile unit.

2. Trading Entrepreneurs

Trading Entrepreneurs are those who undertake trading activities. These entrepreneurs do not concentrate on manufacturing activities. They give more emphasis on distribution and marketing of goods. They identify potential markets, create demand for the product and influence people to buy the product. Example: Agents and Wholesalers.

3. Industrial Entrepreneurs

Industrial Entrepreneurs are those who concentrate in industrial and production activities. Trey identify the needs of the customers and manufacture a product according to their needs. They are generally a product-Oriented entrepreneur. Example: A manufacturer of Automobile spare parts, computer accessories.

4. Corporate Entrepreneur

Corporate entrepreneurs are those who exhibit innovative skills in organizing and managing corporate undertaking. Example: A Trust registered under the Trust Act.

5. Agricultural Entrepreneur

An agricultural entrepreneur is one who concentrates on agricultural activities. These entrepreneurs concentrate on activities like raising agricultural production, marketing of fertilizers etc.

6. Retail Entrepreneurs

Retail entrepreneurs are those who undertake trading activities. They have direct contact with customers and hence they are customer oriented. Example: An entrepreneur running a departmental store

7. Service Entrepreneur

A service entrepreneur is one who provides services to customers. They make profit by rendering services. Example: An entrepreneur running a hotel or dry cleaning unit.

8. Social Entrepreneur

A social entrepreneur is one who provides importance to the society by serving them. He concentrates on social issues and does not aim to make profit. Example: A person running an orphanage.

Classification of Entrepreneur according to the Stages of Development

According to the Stages of development, entrepreneurs shall be classified as First Generation Entrepreneurs, Modern or Innovative Entrepreneurs, Classical Entrepreneurs and Inherited Entrepreneurs

1. First Generation Entrepreneur

A first generation entrepreneur is one who sets up an enterprise by his innovative skill. He combines various factors of production and provides marketable product or services by adopting innovative ideas. He is the first person to start an enterprise on his own. Though such a person may have the family background of some business, such entrepreneurs may also establish a certain business which may be unrelated to their family business.

2. Modern Entrepreneurs or Innovative Entrepreneurs

A modern entrepreneur is a dynamic entrepreneur. He always looks for changes and responds to the changing demand of the market. His business ventures suits the current marketing needs.

3. Classical Entrepreneur

Classical entrepreneur is a stereo type entrepreneur. He aims at maximizing profits at a consistent level. There may or may not be an element of growth. Survival of the firm is given more importance by these entrepreneurs.

4. Inherited Entrepreneurs

These entrepreneurs have inherited family business or possess experience from their family business. These entrepreneurs may like to diversify a little from their family business.

Classification of Entrepreneurs according to Motivational Aspects

According to motivational aspects, entrepreneurs shall be classified as Pure Entrepreneurs, Induced Entrepreneurs, Motivated Entrepreneurs and Spontaneous Entrepreneurs.

1. Pure Entrepreneur

A pure entrepreneur is a person who is motivated by psychological and economic factors. Entrepreneurial task is undertaken by them due to certain reasons. Ability to handle risk, desire to enjoy better status, desire to get recognition in the society, thirst for making money motivates a person to take up entrepreneurial activities.

2. Induced Entrepreneur

Induced entrepreneur are those who takes up entrepreneurial task due to the incentives and subsides granted by the government. Financial and technical assistance provided by the government motivates a person to start new ventures.

3. Motivated Entrepreneur

They are motivated by the desire far their self-fulfillment. They emerge because of the possibility of producing and, selling new products. They are also motivated by economic factors.

4. Spontaneous Entrepreneur

A person, turns out to be an entrepreneur, because of the natural talent vested in him. These entrepreneurs have self confidence and emerge as challengers. They take up entrepreneurial activity in order to tap their talents. They have great self confidence in their talent and are highly resourceful.

Classification of Entrepreneurs according to Technological Aspects

According to Technical Aspects, Entrepreneurs shall be classified as Technical Entrepreneurs, Non-Technical Entrepreneurs and Professional Entrepreneurs.

1. Technical Entrepreneur

A technical entrepreneur is one who concentrates more on production activities. He has got sound technical knowledge. He utilizes his technical knowledge and demonstrates his innovative capabilities. He is also known as technocrat.

2. Non-Technical Entrepreneur

A non-technical entrepreneur concentrates more on marketing activities. He tries to find out new strategies for marketing goods. He also promotes his business by employing various marketing methods.

3. Professional Entrepreneur

Professional entrepreneur is a person who applies innovative ideas in setting up of a business. He is interested in establishing the enterprises rather than managing it. Once the business is established. the entrepreneur will sell the business to some one else.

Classification of Entrepreneurs According to Clarence Danhof

Clarence Danhof had classified entrepreneurs based on his study on American agriculture. He classified entrepreneurs into four categories.

1. Innovative Entrepreneur

An innovative entrepreneur is one who introduces new product, new service or new market. An innovative entrepreneur is also known as modern entrepreneur. An innovative entrepreneur can work only when a certain level of development is reached. These entrepreneurs introduce new changes and develop the business after a certain level of development is reached. They invent new products. Such kind of entrepreneurs can be seen in developed countries, as large sum of money can be diverted towards research and development purposes.

 2. Adaptive Entrepreneur

Adaptive entrepreneur is one who adopts the successful innovations of innovative entrepreneur. These entrepreneurs imitate the techniques and technologies innovated by others. These entrepreneurs can be seen both in underdeveloped and developing countries. They also make small changes in relevance to their market environment.

3. Fabian Entrepreneur

A fabian entrepreneur is one who responds to changes only when he is very clear that failure to respond to changes would result in losses. Such entrepreneurs do not introduce new changes. They also do not desire to adopt new methods. They are very shy and stick to old customs. They are very cautious.

4. Drone Entrepreneurs

These entrepreneurs do not make any changes. They refuse to utilize the opportunities and may also suffer losses. They are very conventional. They refuse to introduce changes. They even make losses but avoid changes. Sometimes they may be pushed out of the market.